Having been the crammer of the American Airlines agile for 36 years, on September 4, 2019, American Airlines bid adieu to the MD-80, a even that revolutionized brief travel. American’s final MD-80 acquirement flight, AA80, ancient Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport (DFW) at 09:00 for a two-and-a-half-hour flight to O’Hare International Airport (ORD).
From ORD, the aircraft alien American Airlines advisers and families to a activity at the aircraft’s final comatose abode at a boneyard in Roswell, New Mexico. Affectionately nicknamed “Mad Dog” by aerodynamics enthusiasts, the MD-80s retirement additionally saw the end of American Airlines’ iconic polished-aluminum tri-color accouter that was aboriginal alien in the backward 1960s. American Airlines has replaced its MD-80s with added fuel-efficient Boeing 737-800s and Airbus A321s.
Development of the MD-80 came about in the 1970s as McDonnell Douglas looked to advance a beyond adaptation of its accepted DC-9 alternation of planes. The abstraction was to body a even that could be acclimated for common brief flights that McDonnell Douglas could bazaar to airlines in Europe and North America.
First alleged the “Super 80,” the MD-80 kept the DC-9s bristles beside basement but had a 28% beyond addition and new, added able Pratt & Whitney JT8D-200 engines and added technologically avant-garde avionics. The aircraft fabricated its aboriginal flight on October 18, 1979, and was certified by the FAA beneath than a year later.
The nickname” Mad Dog” is a advertence to its brand M.D. but additionally because the even can ascend steeply afterwards takeoff, added affiliated to an F-15 than a commuter aeroplane or at the actual atomic a appropriate abandonment that aggressive burden flights do back demography off in adverse territory. The MD-80, clashing today’s avant-garde aircraft, did not await on computers to do the flying; it was a hands-on activity that gave pilots a faculty of pride. As for the passengers, the advanced of the even was quiet while the rear was the complete opposite.
Swissair, the barrage customer, took commitment of its aboriginal MD-80 in September 1980 and entered it into account on October 10, 1980. Austrian Airlines additionally placed an adjustment with McDonnell Douglas for 29 MD-11s that it capital to use for abbreviate and medium-haul routes from Vienna. Over in North America, however, sales were not attractive good!
When McDonnell Douglas had the aircraft certified, they did it so that the even could be aureate with aloof a pilot and co-pilot. The Air Line Pilots Association (ALPA) did not like this and insisted that the aircraft bare a aggregation of three pilots for assurance reasons. Pacific Southwest Airlines (PSA), whose pilots were not in the ALPA union, became the aboriginal US carrier to fly the even demography commitment of its aboriginal of 33 MD-80s in 1980.
Eventually, the unions gave in, and American Airlines became the aboriginal above US carrier to adjustment the MD-80, leasing 20 142-seat aircraft from McDonnell Douglas to alter its Boeing 737-100s. American Airlines again committed to 67 close orders additional 100 options in March 1984. By 2002 American Airlines had added than 360 MD-80s in its fleet, equating to 30% of all MD-80s anytime built.
During its 22-year assembly run that concluded in 1999, 1,191 were built, absolute the afterward variants: MD-80, MD-81, MD-82, MD-83, MD-87, and MD-88. Until the beneath fuselage, MD-87 was appear in 1985, the differences amid the beforehand MD-80s were minor.
Business Biking Is Growing On Ethiopian Airlines’ Busy US Routes
About The Author
Journalist – Mark is an accomplished biking announcer accepting appear assignment in the industry for added than seven years. His activity for aerodynamics account and abundance of acquaintance lends itself to some accomplished insight, with his assignment cited in Forbes amidst added publications. Based in Alicante, Spain.
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